The Loop Chicago's Heart and Soul

 The Loop, as it's officially known to Chicagoans, or Chicago Loop as it's known  to the rest of the world, is one of 77 officially designated neighborhoods in  Chicago. It is the historic commercial center of Downtown Chicago as well as  the seat of government for Chicago and Cook County. The Loop is also the main  theater and shopping district.

 In addition to these attractions, The Loop also is home to Grant Park and one of  the largest art museums in the United States, the Art Institute of Chicago.  Other major cultural institutions that call The Loop home are the Chicago  Symphony Orchestra, the Lyric Opera of Chicago, The Goodman Theatre, the  Joffrey Ballet, the central public Harold Washington Library, and the Chicago  Cultural Center.  

 Origin of the Name

 The first settlement in the area by the United States was Fort Dearborn, erected  in 1803 on the southern banks of the Chicago River. The original fort  constructed by the U.S. Army was The Loop, which is on the southern banks of  the Chicago River, near today's Michigan Avenue Bridge.  

 It is believed the origin of the term “loop” is derived from the cable car turning loops in the central business district,  and especially those of two lines that shared a loop, constructed in 1882,  bounded by Madison, Wabash, State and Lake. Others believe that "the Loop" was  not used as a proper noun until after the 1895–97 construction of the Union elevated railway loop...known affectionately as “The L.”  

 Loop architecture has been dominated by high-rises since early in its history.  Notable buildings include the Home Insurance Building, considered the first  skyscraper (demolished in 1931); the Chicago Board of Trade Building, a  National Historic Landmark; and Willis Tower, the tallest building in the  United States, soon to be eclipsed by the World Trade Center in New York. Some  of the historic buildings in this district were instrumental in the development  of high-rises. Chicago's street numbering system—dividing addresses into North, South, East and West quadrants, originates in the  Loop at the intersection of State Street and Madison Street.  

 This area abounds in shopping opportunities, including the Loop Retail Historic  District, although it competes with the more upscale Magnificent Mile area to  the north, and with suburban shopping malls.  

 The Famous Skyline

 Chicago has a famous skyline which features many of the tallest buildings in the  world as well as the Chicago Landmark Historic Michigan Boulevard District.  Chicago's skyline is spaced out throughout the downtown area, giving it a  graceful bridge-like appearance. The Willis Tower, formerly known as the Sears  Tower, the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere, stands in the western  Loop in the heart of the city's financial district, along with other buildings,  such as 311 South Wacker Drive and the AT&T Corporate Center.  

 The Loop is along the shores of Lake Michigan; the shoreline is mostly parkland  and is home to Grant Park where you can see the famed Buckingham Fountain. Also  in the park is the Petrillo Bandshell, where the Grant Park Symphony performs  free concerts throughout the summer. Also in the summer why not check out  Chicago's annual two-week food festival, the Taste of Chicago? More than three  million people try foods from dozens of vendors. A recent addition to Grant  Park is the architecturally-forward Millennium Park, which opened in the summer  of 2004, featuring Frank Gehry's Jay Pritzker Pavilion, Jaume Plensa's Crown  Fountain and Anish Kapoor's Cloud Gate sculpture.  

 The Chicago River, which is one of the other boundaries of The Loop, turns green  once a year with the annual dyeing of the river in honor of St. Patrick's Day.  You can also take a boat trip down the Chicago River—one of the best tours is the architectural tour. You'll be able to see Chicago  from an entirely new point of view.  

 A Walkabout

 Walk along Dearborn Street from Jackson to Washington Street and enjoy Calder's  "Flamingo," flanked by government buildings designed by famed German-American  architect Mies Van Der Rohe; Chagall's "The Four Seasons," near the base of  Chase Tower; and the Chicago Picasso—call it what you will—in the Daley Center. Joan Miro's sculpture, "Moon, Sun, and One Star (Miss  Chicago)," is in a plaza on Washington west of Dearborn, right across from the  Picasso.  

 First, there are the great old movie palaces on Randolph Street, restored to  their original brilliance—the Cadillac Palace and the Oriental (a.k.a. the Ford Center for the Performing  Arts). On Dearborn, the Goodman Theatre has retained the facades of the Selwyn  and Harris Theatres. Finally, there is the queen of theaters, the Chicago  (1921), with its iconic marquee, its exterior designed to resemble Paris' Arc  de Triomphe and its interior the stuff of dreams. If you can't catch a show  there, take a tour.  

 For Food Lovers

 The city's oldest restaurant, the Berghoff (1898), a German classic on Adams  Street, was closed briefly by the family in 2006, then after a change of heart  reopened. It is still owned by the Berghoffs with a few changes in its  operations. On Monroe Street, the Italian Village, Chicago's oldest Italian  restaurant, opened in 1927, and its three dining rooms remain favorites. Under  the L tracks on Waabash Avenue, Miller's Pub dates to 1935, and its  moderately-priced meals and lively bar have lured sports figures and  celebrities for decades. Poag Mahome's, on Jackson, has been a saloon with food  since 1911, with a reluctant break for prohibition. When it opened in 1963,  Ronny's Steakhouse sold steaks for $1.09; prices are still reasonable and the  place—at Lake and Clark Streets—is nothing fancy, but its fans swear by it.  

 To many, Everest—Jean Joho's signature French restaurant atop a LaSalle Street office building—is among the best in the city. Trattoria No. 10, on Dearborn near the theaters,  has drawn raves for its authentic Italian fare since it opened more than 20  years ago. On Adams near Symphony Hall, Russian Tea Time and Rhapsody couldn't  be more different, but both make beautiful music. Seafood lovers have made  Catch 35, on Wacker Drive, a solid choice. The original Heaven on Seven, on  Wabash, has been around for 30 years now, retaining its format (mostly lunch,  rare dinner hours) and a following for its Cajun-Creole specialties. The  Rosebud Empire, born in the Little Italy neighborhood, is up to four Loop  locations. And Petterino's shares space with the Goodman, which is good news  for theatergoers—if they made reservations.  

 And don't forget: The L—as much as the Lyric and the CSO, represents the sound of the city. Listen to  it. Wave at it as the cars go by. Ride it. Treasure it. The Loop will have you  circling back for more.  

 Liam P. Cusack is associated editor of The Chicagoland Cooperator.  

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